English grammatical rules can be somewhat confusing, to say the least. With different rules to remember, a number of exceptions to the rules, and different ‘expert’ opinions, it is easy for students (and even teachers) to get confused.
Many P6 students will be having their English Paper 2 component next week. I have compiled a list of common grammatical rules to help students in their revision.
All the best for the Paper 2 component!
1) Neither of/Either of
- Either of the students is right.
- Neither of the doctors has arrived.
2) Neither..nor / Either..or
Depends on the noun closest to the blank
- Neither Jane nor the boys have arrived.
- Either the tigers or the elephant is making all that noise
*Neither Jane nor I am going to the show
3) Each / everyone / every / no one
Each of the buildings is surrounded by a high fence.
Every table has a tablecloth
4) All of / Some of / A lot of
In sentences beginning with all of or some of, the true subject follows the verb
- All of the equipment has been moved
- Some of the pies are burnt
- A lot of pie has disappeared
5) None of
- None of the elephants is pink
- None of the girls plays the violin
6) Here/ There
The true subject follows the verb
- There is a pie
‘Pie’ is considered singular, thus the verb ‘is’ is used.
- There are five pies ‘Pies’ are considered plural, thus the verb ‘are’ is used
- Here is a ladder
- Here are the ladders
7) All of / Some of
Focus on the noun that comes after ‘all of’ or ‘some of’
All of the cutlery is clean
The noun ‘cutlery’ is considered singular, thus the verb is in the singular form
Some of the horses are brown
The noun ‘horses’ are considered plural, thus the verb is in the plural form
8) The number vs A number
The expression the number is followed by a singular verb while the expression a number is followed by a plural verb.
The number of people we need is 10. (The number = singular verb)
A number of people have written in about this subject. (A number = plural verb)
The number of people lined up for tickets was four hundred. (The number = singular verb)
A number of suggestions were made. (A number = plural verb)
Primary 6 English tuition class schedule
|Day||Start time||End time|
|Wednesday - FULL||3.00 pm||5.00 pm|
|Wednesday - FULL||5.00 pm||7.00 pm|
|Saturday - FULL||9.00 am||11.00 am|
|Saturday - FULL||11.00 am||1.00 pm|