Synthesis & Transformation - PSLE 2020


The Chinese New Year break is over and the P6 students are revising for their upcoming WA or CA. Many schools are focusing on testing Paper 2 components only.

In today’s post, we will take a look at the Synthesis and Transformation component. With so many rules to learn, this component can be confusing for many students.

So, let’s break down some of those rules using the PSLE 2020 paper!

1) Mi Yao broke the expensive vase. He admitted it.

Min Yao admitted to ________________________________________

A verb in the infinitive form usually follows ‘to’.

Here, the verb is changed to a noun (gerund).

broke – breaking

Answer

Min Yao admitted to breaking the expensive vase.


2) He can say anything. I will not go.

No matter ________________________________________

No matter is used to show emphasis in a sentence.

No matter is followed by a pronoun.

No matter + how / where / when / what

Answer

No matter what he says, I will not go.

By adding the pronoun ‘what’ after ‘no matter’, we will need to omit the words ‘can’ & ‘anything’.

Tip – Remember that ‘he’ is singular. Thus, the verb ‘say’ must be changed to ‘says’ in the transformed sentence.


3) “I went to the supermarket to look for you,” Uncle John said to Aunt Mary.

Uncle John told Aunt Mary that ____________________________

Change the tense in Reported Speech.

Past – Past Perfect Tense

went – had gone

Change the Personal Pronouns & Possessives

I – he

you – her

Answer

Uncle John told Aunt Mary that he had gone to the supermarket to look for her.


4) The bird was unable to fly. It was easily caught.

____________________________________ due to its________________

‘Due to’ is used to show reason.

The adjective in the sentence must be changed to a noun.

unable – inability

Answer

The bird was easily caught due to its inability to fly.

Tip – the noun of ‘unable’ is ‘in-ability’ and not ‘dis-ability’.


5) Fadri was relieved to find out that his wallet was not missing.

Much to ____________________________________________________

‘Much to’ is used to show a reaction to something

It is also used to add emphasis.

When using ‘much to’, we need to change the adjective to a noun.

relieved – relief

When using ‘much to’ we need to change the noun to a possessive pronoun

Fadri – Fadri’s

Answer

Much to Fadri’s relief, his wallet was not missing.


Would you like to read more of such posts?

Primary 6 English tuition class schedule

DayStart timeEnd time
Wednesday3.00 pm5.00 pm
Wednesday5.00 pm7.00 pm
Saturday9.00 am11.00 am
Saturday11.00 am1.00 pm

I hope that you found this post helpful 🙂 In the next post, I will discuss the Editing section of Paper 2.